What is the example of somatic?
Examples of somatic cells are cells of internal organs, skin, bones, blood and connective tissues. In comparison, the somatic cells contain a full set of chromosomes whereas the reproductive cells contain only half. Word origin: Gk sōmatikós of = pertaining to the body. Synonym: body cells.
Why is it called somatic?
The term somatic – etymologically from the French word “somatique”, from Ancient Greek “σωματικός” (sōmatikós, “bodily”), from σῶμα (sôma, “body”) – is often used in biology to refer to the cells of the body in contrast to the reproductive (germline) cells, which usually give rise to the egg or sperm (or other gametes …
What is the characteristics of a somatic mutation?
somatic mutation, genetic alteration acquired by a cell that can be passed to the progeny of the mutated cell in the course of cell division. Somatic mutations differ from germ line mutations, which are inherited genetic alterations that occur in the germ cells (i.e., sperm and eggs).
What do somatic cells do?
Somatic cells are the cells of the body that make up different tissues and organs. They are therefore important because they make up various parts of the body including all the internal organs, the connective tissue, and bones among others.
What is a somatic response?
A somatic response is voluntary, a motor response may or may not be.
What is the somatic phase?
The somatic phase consists of coenocytic mass of highly granular protoplasm containing hundreds or thousands of nuclei and vacuoles without cell walls, but delimited only by a thin plasma membrane—a plasmodium (pl. plasmodia) (Fig. 321A).
Are somatic cells immortal?
With age, somatic cells such as neurons lose their ability to maintain the quality of their protein content. … Human pluripotent stem cells can replicate indefinitely while maintaining their undifferentiated state and, therefore, are immortal in culture.