What is the psychological perspective of bipolar disorder?
Bipolar disorder involves periods of extreme disruptions to mood, behaviour and cognitive functioning. People with the disorder typically experience periods of severe depression, mania or hypomania, in addition to periods of relatively stable mood.
What are the psychological causes of bipolar disorder?
Factors that may increase the risk of developing bipolar disorder or act as a trigger for the first episode include:
- Having a first-degree relative, such as a parent or sibling, with bipolar disorder.
- Periods of high stress, such as the death of a loved one or other traumatic event.
- Drug or alcohol abuse.
Is bipolar disorder biological or psychological?
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a leading cause of global disability. Its biological basis is unknown, and its treatment unsatisfactory.
How do psychologists treat bipolar disorder?
Psychotherapy, or “talk” therapy, is an important part of treatment for bipolar disorder. During therapy, you can discuss feelings, thoughts, and behaviors that cause you problems. Talk therapy can help you understand and hopefully master any problems that hurt your ability to function well in your life and career.
How does the cognitive approach explain bipolar disorder?
Beck’s original cognitive model (1967) suggests that depressed mood states are accentuated by patterns of thinking that amplify mood shifts. For example, as people become depressed they become more negative in how they see themselves, their world and their future (called the negative cognitive triad).
What is the behavioral perspective in psychology?
The behaviorist perspective is concerned with how environmental factors (called stimuli) affect observable behavior (called the response). The behaviorist perspective proposes two main processes whereby people learn from their environment: namely classical conditioning and operant conditioning.
What is the main cause of bipolar disorder?
Bipolar disorder is widely believed to be the result of chemical imbalances in the brain. The chemicals responsible for controlling the brain’s functions are called neurotransmitters, and include noradrenaline, serotonin and dopamine.
What are 5 signs of bipolar?
Symptoms – Bipolar disorder
- feeling sad, hopeless or irritable most of the time.
- lacking energy.
- difficulty concentrating and remembering things.
- loss of interest in everyday activities.
- feelings of emptiness or worthlessness.
- feelings of guilt and despair.
- feeling pessimistic about everything.
Can bipolar be triggered by trauma?
People who experience traumatic events are at higher risk for developing bipolar disorder. Childhood factors such as sexual or physical abuse, neglect, the death of a parent, or other traumatic events can increase the risk of bipolar disorder later in life.
What is the neurological basis for bipolar disorder?
For example, one of the most consistently identified genes is CACNA1C. This gene codes for a calcium channel subunit that affects amygdala processing of emotional events, which itself has been shown to be one of the central differences in brain function in bipolar disorder.
Does Bipolar get worse as you age?
Untreated Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar may worsen with age or overtime if this condition is left untreated. As time goes on, a person may experience episodes that are more severe and more frequent than when symptoms first appeared.
What are the 4 types of bipolar?
4 Types of Bipolar Disorder
- Symptoms include:
- Bipolar I. Bipolar I disorder is the most common of the four types. …
- Bipolar II. Bipolar II disorder is characterized by the shifting between the less severe hypomanic episodes and depressive episodes.
- Cyclothymic disorder. …
- Unspecified bipolar disorder.
What is the life expectancy of someone with bipolar disorder?
Researchers at Oxford University calculate that individuals with bipolar disorder have a longevity rate 9 20 years less than optimal. So if a populations average lifespan is 75, a person with bipolar disorder is expected to live between 55 and 66 years.