Where is the peripheral nervous system located?
The peripheral nervous system refers to the parts of the nervous system that are outside the central nervous system, that is, those outside the brain and spinal cord.
What are the 3 parts of the peripheral nervous system?
The peripheral nervous system is divided into the somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system. In the somatic nervous system, the cranial nerves are part of the PNS with the exception of the optic nerve (cranial nerve II), along with the retina.
Which of the following are part of the peripheral nervous system?
The peripheral nervous system refers to parts of the nervous system outside the brain and spinal cord. It includes the cranial nerves, spinal nerves and their roots and branches, peripheral nerves, and neuromuscular junctions.
Why is the nervous system the first to develop?
The human nervous system starts to form very early in the embryo’s development. … Next, the notochord sends out a signal to the layer of cells just above it (the ectoderm), which causes certain of these cells to form the first structure from which the nervous system originates: the neural plate.
Where does the nervous system develop from?
The nervous system develops from the ectoderm following an inductive signal from the mesoderm. The initial mesodermal cells condense to form the notochord, which elongates under the primitive streak along the anterior—posterior axis of the developing embryo.
What are the four main divisions of the peripheral nervous system?
The peripheral nervous system is subdivided into nerves, the autonomic system, and the somatic system. The autonomic nervous system is further subdivided into the parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous systems. The enteric nervous system is an independent subsystem of the peripheral nervous system.
What is the role of the PNS?
The PNS has three basic functions: (1) conveying motor commands to all voluntary striated muscles in the body; (2) carrying sensory information about the external world and the body to the brain and spinal cord (except visual information: the optic nerves, which convey information from the retina to the brain, are in …
What are the two parts of peripheral nervous system?
The peripheral nervous system is further subdivided into the somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system.