What gives rise to the nervous system?
The CNS system involves 3 germinal layers: ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm. … The ectoderm is also sub-specialized to form the (2) neural ectoderm, which gives rise to the neural tube and neural crest, which subsequently give rise to the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves.
What does the ectoderm gives rise to?
The ectoderm gives rise to the skin, the brain, the spinal cord, subcortex, cortex and peripheral nerves, pineal gland, pituitary gland, kidney marrow, hair, nails, sweat glands, cornea, teeth, the mucous membrane of the nose, and the lenses of the eye (see Fig. 5.3).
How ectoderm is formed?
The ectoderm originates in the epiblast, and is formed during gastrulation. Once the mesoderm forms, cells cease to ingress into the primitive streak; the remaining epiblast cells are hereafter called ectoderm. The ectoderm gives rise to two distinct lineages, namely, the surface ectoderm and the neural ectoderm.
What is the process by which ectoderm covers the entire embryo?
In amphibians, the ectoderm is restricted to the animal region of the blastula until gastrulation, at which point it extends to cover the entire embryo in a process called epiboly.
What is ectoderm mesoderm and endoderm?
The ectoderm gives rise to the skin and the nervous system. The mesoderm specifies the development of several cell types such as bone, muscle, and connective tissue. Cells in the endoderm layer become the linings of the digestive and respiratory system, and form organs such as the liver and pancreas.
Which of these gives rise to nervous tissue quizlet?
Ectoderm– is an outer layer that gives rise to the epidermis and nervous system.
What does mesenchyme give rise?
Mesenchyme directly gives rise to most of the body’s connective tissues, from bones and cartilage to the lymphatic and circulatory systems. Furthermore, the interactions between mesenchyme and another tissue type, epithelium, help to form nearly every organ in the body.