Is alexithymia a mental disorder?

What is alexithymia disorder?

Alexithymia is a subclinical phenomenon involving a lack of emotional awareness or, more specifically, difficulty in identifying and describing feelings and in distinguishing feelings from the bodily sensations of emotional arousal (Nemiah et al., 1976).

Is alexithymia a form of depression?

Alexithymia is a characteristic style of thinking and feeling involving deficits in the recognition of emotions. It is associated with depression onset and severity in younger adults, but researchers have not yet examined the association between alexithymia and depression severity in clinically depressed older adults.

Is alexithymia a psychopath?

Alexithymia was associated with problems with affective resonance independently of psychopathic traits, suggesting that different component processes (reduced tendency to feel what others feel and reduced ability to identify and describe feelings) comprise affective resonance.

Is alexithymia a disability?

Researchers describe alexithymia as a construct relating to a difficulty experiencing, identifying, and expressing emotions. It is not a clinical diagnosis, and mental health professionals do not consider it a disorder, although it may occur alongside some mental health conditions.

How do I get rid of alexithymia?

Treating Alexithymia

  1. Group therapy.
  2. Daily journaling.
  3. Skill-based therapy.
  4. Engaging in the creative arts.
  5. Various relaxation techniques.
  6. Reading emotional books or stories.

Can someone with alexithymia have anxiety?

Alexithymia may increase anxiety, depression, and stress and can be a predisposing factor to poorer HRQOL and social support.

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Does alexithymia get worse with age?

For instance, one large-scale study found that the prevalence of alexithymia increased with age, with the highest TAS scores obtained by participants aged 85 years and older (Mattila et al., 2006).

Are there different types of alexithymia?

It is thought that there are two distinct types of alexithymia: primary (or trait) alexithymia and secondary (or state) alexithymia.

Is alexithymia a form of autism?

Although alexithymia is not a core feature of autism, recent studies have found varying degrees of this trait in 50 to 85% of individuals with ASD.

Can alexithymia be empathetic?

We found that individuals with autism but not alexithymia show typical levels of empathy, whereas people with alexithymia (regardless of whether they have autism) are less empathic.